Sustainability of mediterranean diet

Mediterranean Diet: From a Healthy Diet to a Sustainable Dietary Pattern.

Regarding the environmental impact of the different food groups, most of the literature available converges in their global statements, despite originating from different settings and types of analysis. Moreover, more recent data have confirmed that in many Mediterranean countries the loss of adherence to the Mediterranean diet is continuing and increasing 22 — 30linked also to the current economic downturn As a major foodie, Christabelle is especially interested in nutrition, and how changes in determinants such as diet, exercise, and socio-economic status can work together to make healthier people.

Most of the investigation carried out was aimed at CVD risk factors and only at the end of the last century were large observational cohorts made towards enhanced sustainability of mediterranean diet scientific evidence concerning the MD and CVD and other disease occurrence.

The Mediterranean dietary pattern shows lower footprints than the current Spanish pattern, and to a much larger extent than the Western dietary pattern.

This diet is primarily constituted of plant-based foodslike whole grains, beans, fruits, vegetables and nuts, fish and seafood twice weekly, and a limited amount of red meat. Consumers are becoming more and more concerned about the environment care and, even more so, about their own health and food choices, while cultural culinary traditions are not easy to modify.

International Journal of Epidemiology, 46 5 You may also like…. The most important dietary features in terms of environmental cost are those that occur between animal-based versus plant-based diets, with a relevant sustainability of mediterranean diet of the different ways foods are grown, processed and transported.

Keywords Mediterranean diet; Sustainability; Health benefits; Culture; UNESCO; Environment Abstract The Mediterranean diet not only makes reference to some characteristic eating habits, it is also a cultural model that involves the way foods are selected, produced, processed and distributed.

To this end, the Mediterranean diet should be seen for what it is: Foods are produced, processed, distributed and consumed, and these actions have consequences for both human health and the environment Gussow and Clancy, These changes pose serious threats to the preservation and transmission of the Mediterranean diet heritage to present and future generations.

Wine is typically consumed in moderation and, normally, with a meal.

The Mediterranean diet

They need to develop and move, expanding its approach, taking into consideration the environmental impact and sustainability. Legumes are clearly stated as alternatives to animal protein foods due to their low environmental impact and long durability.

Its adherence in Spain would make a significant contribution to greater sustainability of food production and consumption, in addition to the well-known benefits for public health. The aim of the present document is to analyze the evolution of Mediterranean diet studies, from its origins circa Figure 1and to emphasize the different focus that have come to light over the last five or six decades: The Barilla Center for Food and Nutrition created a double pyramid to visualize how foods impact both our health and the health of the environment, based on the Mediterranean diet.

In the meantime, dairy products, one of the principal sources of animal protein in the MDP, providing a great extent in terms of energy consumption in the three dietary patterns.

With regard to energy consumption, variations in greenhouse production versus open-air cultivation of certain crops, and canned or frozen produce versus fresh produce are vitally important Reijnders and Ssoret, No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

Nutrition Reviews, 67, Therefore, the Mediterranean diet is more than just a defined diet, but it represents the plurality of various cultural expressions of different Mediterranean food cultures and lifestyles.

Moreover, the MD has been linked to higher nutrient adequacy in both observational and intervention studies Serra-Majem, et al. Dairy products were the food groups, in the MDP, presented the maximum footprint in all four analyzed footprints since in the MDP, meat had a lower weight compared to the other patterns both in frequency and amount.

Thus, the MD, emerges as a dietary pattern that could address health and environmental issues, as a plant-centered dietary pattern that admits moderate to low amounts of animal foods Duchin, The notion of the Mediterranean diet has undergone a progressive evolution over the past 60 years, from a healthy dietary pattern to a sustainable dietary pattern, in which nutrition, food, cultures, people, environment, and sustainability all interact into a new model of a sustainable diet.

The MD not only makes reference to some characteristic eating habits, it is also a cultural model that involves the way foods are selected, produced, processed and distributed Serra-Majem,Serra-Majem, et al.

She hopes to become a public health professional after her graduation in Furthermore, food production is also inevitably a conductor of environmental pressures, in particular regarding the climate change, water use and toxic emissions. A greater focus on the Mediterranean diet's potential as a sustainable dietary pattern, instead than just on its well-documented healthy benefits, can contribute to its enhancement.

Public Health Nutrition, 9 1a Since then, the Mediterranean diet has been widely studied and reported to be a model of healthy eating associated with significant nutritional and health benefits 7 — The new revised Mediterranean diet pyramid was conceived as a simplified main frame to be adapted to different countries specific variations related to the various geographical, socio-economic, and cultural contexts of the contemporary Mediterranean lifestyle, taking into account also their different portions and serving sizes.

In both the SCP and the WDP, vegetable oils also contributed to an increase of to water and energy consumption footprints.

Sustainability and the Mediterranean Diet

Bonaccio M, et al. As a result, the Mediterranean diet is an expression of the different food cultures present in the Mediterranean region, with diverse food consumption and production patterns, in continuous evolution representing the particular historical and environmental mosaic that is the Mediterranean 2.

Mediterranean Diet: From a Healthy Diet to a Sustainable Dietary Pattern

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author s or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice.

This food culture now faces three serious threats: Investigations in the early 90s already showed that dietary patterns throughout the Mediterranean countries were increasingly moving away 18 — 20 from those reported in the 60s.Teil des Masterprogramms ist auch das Klimaverhandlungsexperiment des MIT Sloane InfoBrunch  · Persönliche Betreuung · Akademische WeiterbildungMSc Sustainability & Responsible Management.

What is the Mediterranean diet? The Mediterranean diet is based on the traditional eating habits from the s of people from countries that surround the Mediterranean Sea, such as Greece, Italy, and Spain, and it encourages the consumption of fresh, seasonal, and local foods. 1 The Mediterranean.

· We’ve all heard the praise for the Mediterranean diet and the abundance of health benefits it brings along. This diet is primarily constituted of plant-based foods, like whole grains, beans, fruits, vegetables and nuts, fish and seafood twice weekly, and a limited amount of red meat.4/5(2).

Indeed, “the new revised Mediterranean diet has been presented as an example of a sustainable diet in which nutrition, local food production, biodiversity, culture and sustainability are strongly interconnected, generating a lower impact on the by: 1.

Nutrients9, 61 2 of 15 factor for the development of some chronic diseases [3]. In a context of a noticeable growth of the world population, adequately feeding more than 9 billion people by remains a major by: 9.

The technical workshop on Development of voluntary guidelines for the sustainability of the Mediterranean diet in the Mediterranean region was organized by FAO and CIHEAM-Bari was held on 14–15 March at CIHEAM-Bari, Valenzano, Italy.

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Sustainability of mediterranean diet
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